At the start of the 14th century, Padua reached the peak of its independent splendour, with professors from all over Europe coming here to teach: in 1305, Pietro d’Abano, the philosopher, doctor and astrologer and a famous name in medieval medicine, was called to Padua from the University of Paris. His successors included Nicolò Santa Sofia, Giacomo and Giovanni Dondi dall’Orologio.
The Carraresi Signoria made the university even more prestigious, calling in famous professors to attract more students. Padua soon became a point of reference for culture and research in the western world, on a par with Bologna, Oxford and Cambridge.
Towards the end of the 14th century, the association of philosophy and medicine students became intolerant, causing the break-up of the older “Universitas Iuristarum” and the subsequent creation of the “Universitas Artistarum” in 1399. This new institution was fully independent from an organisational point of view, which can be seen by the fact that an independent chancellor was elected: the student Benedetto Greco.