The 20th century

At the turn of the century, the University regained an international projection and invested in the construction of a first district dedicated to science. After the setback due to the First World War, during which many students and teachers left their studies to take up arms, in the twenty years of fascism new buildings proliferated: the institute of pathological anatomy, the surgical clinic, the institutes along the Piovego, the school canteen, the students’house. The radical changes in Palazzo del Bo and the construction of the Liviano, the Institute of Physics, the Asiago Astrophysical Observatory and the hydro-biological station of Chioggia date back to the Anti Rectorate (1932-1943). In the same years, the University lost teachers and students, purged because they were Jews. As in World War I, also during the Second World War many university members died: the University, and the only one in Italy, was awarded the gold medal to military valour.

In the post-war period, the expansion of the cultural offer was accompanied by a notable building expansion and the decentralization to other cities in the Veneto. The Agripolis campus was created, and new complexes for study and research were built in the Piovego area. The University of Padua joined the Erasmus European project from its first phase, in 1987.

1900

FIRST VISIT ABROAD BY RECTOR NASINI

Raffaello Nasini, in office until 1905, is the first rector, about whom an official visit abroad is documented, concerning his visit to Glasgow

1912

THE NEW UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

THE NEW UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

The university library is moved to a new location: it is the first building built in Italy with modern criteria specifically for library use. Construction begins for the Engineering office in via Marzolo

1919

Vittorio Benussi founds the School of Psychology

Manoscritto di Vittorio Benussi

At the end of the First World War, Benussi chose to move to Italy, arriving at the University of Padova, where he introduced experimental psychology as a university discipline and founded the School of Psychology

1922

700 YEARS ANNIVERSARY

“The great Feasts of May”, celebrating the seventh centenary of the University, gather hundreds of delegates of governments and foreign institutions in Padua

1933-1943

THE ENLARGEMENT AND RENEWAL OF THE BO AND THE BUILDING OF PALAZZO LIVIANO

THE ENLARGEMENT AND RENEWAL OF THE BO AND THE BUILDING OF PALAZZO LIVIANO

Reorganization and expansion of the Bo and Palazzo Liviano as part of the programme of the rector Carlo Anti and with the involvement of the architect Gio Ponti

1938

RACIAL LAWS HIT THE UNIVERSITY OF PADOVA

RACIAL LAWS HIT THE UNIVERSITY OF PADOVA

The racial laws affect prominent people, such as the economist Marco Fanno, the physicist Bruno Rossi and the anatomist-histologist Tullio Terni, purged because they were Jews; also more than 200 students

1942

ASIAGO ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY

The two buildings of the Asiago Observatory complex

Inauguration of the Asiago Astronomical Observatory, designed by Daniele Calabi

1943

CONCETTO MARCHESI ADDRESS

On 9 November, for the inauguration of the 722ndacademic year, the rector Concetto Marchesi gave a speech that is interpreted as "a declaration of war by the University of Padua to the oppressors of Italy"

On 9 November, for the inauguration of the 722nd academic year, the rector Concetto Marchesi gave a speech that is interpreted as “a declaration of war by the University of Padua to the oppressors of Italy”

1945

GOLD MEDAL TO MILITARY VALOUR

GOLD MEDAL TO MILITARY VALOUR

The University of Padova, the only university in Italy, is decorated with the military gold medal

1953

INAUGURATED THE YOUTH CENTRE IN BRESSANONE

The youth centre is inaugurated in Bressanone, a village where summer refresher courses have been held for two years. The project is by the engineer architect Giulio Brunetta

1968

THE 1968 STUDENT PROTEST MOVEMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PADOVA

THE 1968 STUDENT PROTEST MOVEMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PADOVA

The University of Padua is the protagonist of the 1968 Student Protest Movement and the years of protest right from the start: the student body, enormously increased, is at the forefront

1985

THE FIRST HEART TRANSPLANT IN ITALY

THE FIRST HEART TRANSPLANT IN ITALY

On November 14th  in Padua the heart surgeon Vincenzo Gallucci successfully completed the first heart transplant in Italy

1987

ERASMUS PROJECT ACTIVATION

The Erasmus European project is activated at the University of Padova

1996

THE NEW AGRIPOLIS CAMPUS

THE NEW AGRIPOLIS CAMPUS

The Faculties of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine move to the new Agripolis Campus in Legnaro