Niccolò Copernico

(Torún, 19.02.1473 – Frombork,24.05.1543)

Born in Poland, he started his studies at the cathedral school in Wloclawek and then enrolled at the University of Krakow in 1491 where he began to be interested in mathematics and astronomy.
In 1496, he came to Italy, first to Bologna and then Rome. He was in Padua between 1501 and 1503 to officially study medicine, although he also continued his astronomical research here.
He graduated in canon law from the University of Ferrara in 1503 and, the year after, he returned home where he was the personal doctor, secretary and associate to his uncle, a bishop, until 1512.
He returned to his position among the canonists of Frombork and, during this period, he continued his astronomical research and observations. In 1543, the six books making up the work “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium” were published in Nuremberg.
The name “Copernico” is linked to the so-called “Copernican Revolution”, forming the basis of modern science. He was responsible for the theory behind the “heliocentric” or “heliostatic” system, whereby the Earth undergoes various movements, including its revolving around the sun and rotating on its axis. This theory went against the “geocentric” and “geostatic” system under Greek astronomy which formed the basis for the Christian, Arab and medieval concept of the physical world.