(Nagyszombat, Trnava 1531 – Vienna 1584)
Hungarian physician, historian, collector
Son of Peter, who in the war against the Turks, had obtained a title of nobility and the role of city magistrate from Emperor Ferdinand I. Sambucus spent much of his time at the court of the Habsburgs.
He began his training in his hometown before going to Vienna, where he devoted himself mainly to ancient letters. He would then travel to Paris where he studied philosophy and ancient Greek medical theories of Galen. It was at this time that his interest in collecting and in particular in numismatics was born before moving on to Italy. During his stay in Padua, he obtained a degree in medicine in 1555. In Padua, he wrote poetry, studied botany while developing a dense network of relationships with scholars of his time.
He was the composer of the most renowned Hungarian Emblemata book: Emblemata cum aliquot nummis antiqui operis (1564). Sambucus’ emblem book was edited five times and it was translated into French and Dutch.