Philosophical and scientific reflection have always dealt with body and soul and their relationship or separation. Medicine is an ancient discipline with a social vocation, which lives and progresses through continuous contamination. To trace the century-old history of the medical school of Padua, it is therefore appropriate to rely on a long-lasting perspective. The scientific discoveries made in Padua will be investigated and illustrated, taking into account the widest possible cultural and social areas of reference. The extraordinary nature of the case of Padua lies in the fact that the formation of new scientific paradigms, and not only in a strictly medical area, lasted for two and a half centuries, from the 16th century to the mid-18th century. To appreciate them, special attention should also be payed to the moments of ‘normal science’: the period of formation of the school which lasted approximately three centuries; the long 19thcentury, when Padua remained in tune with the most innovative European centres, and the 20th century when, besides having to deal with the great contribution of American knowledge, globalisation impressed a new course on scientific research.
Project managers: CISM – Centro interdipartimentale di ricerca “Storia della medicina” / Giovanni Silvano